The reciprocating engine had the intake, compression, power, and exhaust strokes of the four-stroke cycle in a single turn of the crankshaft, and was designed to avoid infringing certain patents covering.
Różnica w stosunku do tradycyjnego cyklu spalinowego silnika czterosuwowego (.
Wykres obiegu Atkinsona, silnik Atkinsona rodzaj układu pracy silnika spalinowego wynalezionego przez, jamesa Atkinsona w 1882.
With this new design, Atkinson was able to eliminate the linkages and make a more conventional, well balanced, engine capable of operating at speeds up to 600 rpm and capable of producing power every revolution yet he preserved all of the efficiency of his "Cycle.Modern Atkinson-cycle engines do away with this complex energy path.The "Cycle" engines were produced and sold for several years by the British Engine Company.Due to a smaller portion of the compression stroke being devoted to compressing the intake air, an Atkinson-cycle engine does not take in as much air as would a similarly designed and sized Otto-cycle engine.Thus, in each revolution, one piston provided a compression stroke and a power stroke, and then the other piston provided an exhaust stroke and a charging stroke.This "simulated" Atkinson cycle is most notably used in the Toyota 1NZ-FXE engine from the early Prius."2018 Honda Insight Hybrid".This forms the basis of an Atkinson cycle-based hybrid electric drivetrain.Disadvantages of this design include the requirement that rotor tips seal very tightly on the outer housing wall and the mechanical losses suffered through friction between rapidly oscillating parts of irregular shape.Ideal thermodynamic cycle edit Figure 1: Atkinson gas cycle The ideal Atkinson cycle consists of: Modern Atkinson-cycle engines edit A small engine with Atkinson-style kronos workforce error messages null linkages between the piston and flywheel.The ignition source was likely a hot tube as in Atkinson's other engines.
Silnik oparty na cyklu Atkinsona znalazł zastosowanie na przykład w samochodach hybrydowych, toyoty z napędem.Rotary Atkinson-cycle engine edit Rotary Atkinson-cycle engine The Atkinson cycle can be used in a rotary engine.As the power piston remained withdrawn during exhaust and charging, it was practical to provide exhaust and charging using valves behind a port that was covered during the compression stroke and the power stroke, and so the valves did not need to resist high pressure.For any given portion of air, the greater expansion ratio converts more energy from heat to useful mechanical energymeaning the engine is more efficient.4, atkinson "Differential Engine" edit The first implementation of the Atkinson cycle was in 1882; unlike later versions, it was arranged as an opposed piston engine, the Atkinson differential engine.The first Atkinson-cycle engine, the differential engine, used opposed pistons.The intake and compression strokes were significantly shorter than the expansion and exhaust strokes.The Utilite operates much like a standard two-stroke except that the exhaust port is located at about the middle of the stroke.A text-book on gas, oil and air engines: or, Internal combustion motors without boiler.1 There is also a reference to an 1886 Atkinson patent (US 336505 which describes an opposed-piston gas engine.This modification of the Atkinson cycle allows the use of alternative fuels such as diesel and hydrogen.Griffin and company, limited.The disadvantage of the four-stroke Atkinson-cycle engine versus the more common Otto-cycle engine is reduced power density.